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The Synergy: How Anaerobic Digestion Complements Composting

6 min read

In the pursuit of sustainable waste management practices, anaerobic digestion and composting are both compelling options for communities and organizations such as food processors, universities, utilities, and supermarkets. These processes offer significant benefits individually, but in combination can work even better to optimize resource recovery, minimize environmental impacts, and advance the circular economy. In this article, we explore how anaerobic digestion can complement composting, resulting in a powerful solution for food waste management.

Understanding Anaerobic Digestion and Composting

Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a biological process that breaks down organic matter, such as food waste, agricultural residues, and other organic waste in the absence of oxygen. The result is the production of biogas, which can be used as renewable energy, along with a nutrient-rich biofertilizer known as digestate. Learn more about Chomp's anaerobic digesters.

Composting, by contrast, is an aerobic decomposition process that converts organic waste, including yard trimmings, leaves, and food scraps into a stable, humus-like material called compost. It requires oxygen, moisture, and appropriate temperature conditions to foster the growth of microorganisms responsible for the degradation process. Composting produces a valuable soil amendment that improves soil structure, fertility, and water retention.

Organic Waste Diversion

While composting is effective for some food scraps and yard waste, anaerobic digestion can handle additional organic waste, including a wide range of food scraps, dairy, animal waste and other biodegradable materials that composting alone cannot efficiently process. Using both approaches together diverts even more organic waste from landfill. 

Energy Generation

Anaerobic digestion produces biogas, which can be used as a renewable energy source. Biogas can be harnessed for electricity generation or converted into heat energy for various applications, such as heating buildings or powering vehicles. By capturing and utilizing biogas, anaerobic digestion complements composting by providing a sustainable energy stream that enhances the overall environmental and economic viability of organic waste management systems.

Nutrient Recovery

The digestate generated from anaerobic digestion is rich in nutrients and organic matter. When combined with composting, which produces a stable soil amendment, the resulting product offers a balanced blend of nutrients and organic carbon. This nutrient-rich material can be used to enrich soils, improve plant growth, and restore degraded lands. Furthermore, digestate can be employed to optimize the composting process by acting as a moisture source. The addition of digestate to compost piles helps maintain optimal moisture content, preventing excessive drying and ensuring that composting proceeds effectively.

Residual Waste Reduction

In some cases, anaerobic digestion can help reduce the volume and weight of organic waste prior to composting. By breaking down complex organic compounds, anaerobic digestion accelerates the degradation process and reduces overall composting time. This not only increases the efficiency of the composting operation but also minimizes the amount of residual waste that would otherwise require further processing or disposal.


The complementary nature of anaerobic digestion and composting presents a compelling approach to organic waste management. By combining these two processes, organic waste diversion rates can be increased, renewable energy can be generated, valuable nutrients can be recovered, and residual waste can be minimized. Additionally, the digestate produced from anaerobic digestion serves as a valuable resource in the composting process, optimizing moisture levels and ensuring the ideal conditions for effective composting. The integration of anaerobic digestion and composting represents a significant step towards achieving a more sustainable and circular economy, where organic waste is viewed as a valuable resource rather than a burden. Embracing this synergy is vital for building resilient and environmentally responsible waste management systems in the years to come.

Do you want to learn more? Get the guide to composting VS anaerobic digestion.

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Anaerobic Digestion VS Composting Guide